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Circumsolar dust ring confirmed in the orbit of Venus

Jenny Winder, News Writer
Nov 25, 2013, 8:00 UTC

Sen—Researchers from The Open University and the University of Central Lancashire in the U.K. have confirmed the existence of a circumsolar dust ring, with a diameter of 220 million kilometres, which encircles the Sun in the orbit of  the planet Venus.

A circumsolar dust ring is created when dust from asteroid collisions and comet debris is repeatedly tugged by a planet's gravity to form a ring close to the orbit of that planet. The researchers used the Heliospheric Imager (HI) instruments on NASA's STEREO-A and STEREO-B spacecraft to search for this ring. The dust ring near Venus is very faint so they combined many images, taken over 10 day intervals, to create long-exposure pictures to analyse.

Artist's concept of the STEREO mission. Image credit: NASA.

The new discovery, reported in the journal Science on November 22, will help scientists to understand more about a similar resonance ring of dust that exists around Earth's orbit, as well as investigate in more detail how this dust moves in space.

Dr Mark Jones, Senior Lecturer at The Open University, who led the project said "The resulting images show a bright feature close to where we have an edge-on view of Venus' orbit and is what we'd expect to see from a dust ring following that orbit. We cross-referenced the images from STEREO-A with those compiled from the STEREO-B spacecraft and saw the same feature in the same place, giving us confidence that this was a real physical structure in the solar system."

"Using STEREO data has allowed us to observe large segments of Venus' dust ring. The STEREO spacecraft sit outside the ring, so as they orbit the Sun they are able to view different parts of the ring. This allows us to build up a more complete picture of the ring's structure. In comparison, the dust ring at Earth's orbit was observed from the Earth, and so only the parts of the ring closest to Earth have been studied. Because of our unique view, we have found that the structure of Venus' ring is very different to that of the Earth's" explained Dr Daniel Brown, Senior Lecturer at the University of Central Lancashire.

Dr Danielle Bewsher, Senior Lecturer at the University of Central Lancashire continued, "The HI instruments were originally designed to study coronal mass ejections as they travel from the Sun to the Earth, but we realised when we started to analyse the HI observations that they contained a rich collection of secondary features such as comets, stars and asteroids. Pushing the instrument to the limit of its capabilities has allowed us to detect the faint signal of the dust ring in the orbit of Venus."

"This is an important discovery not only because it is a newly confirmed feature of our solar system, but also because understanding resonance rings will help us to interpret future images of exoplanetary systems. Also, while the Venus ring is far too faint to be seen from the surface of Earth, if we could see it, this ring would stretch across half the visible sky" Dr Jones concluded.